Vocabulary

Ezen az oldalon beszéltnyelvi, félreértésre okot adó, vagy éppen izgalmas kifejezéseket, nyelvi fordulatokat, idiómákat találsz.

Azt javaslom, napi egy blokknál ne tanulj többet, és minden új blokk előtt ismételd át a legutóbbi tananyagot (=olvasd el újra a magyarázatot és csináld meg a feladatot is).

Kattints a szóra, amit meg szeretnél találni.

JOB – adjective collocations

quite – quiet

WAY – different uses

workout instructions

JOB - adjective collocations

First, let’s look at the basics:

  • A full-time job is what you do for 8 hours a day, for 5 days a week. A part-time job is when you work less.
  • If you get nice money, you have a well-paid job or a highly-paid job. The opposite is badly-paid and low-paid jobs.
  • You can have a permanent job if you have a contract to work for years (usually without a specific end). If you work only for a certain period, you have a temporary job.
  • If you have a regular job, you work like most of the people: 8 hours a day for a company.
  • Many people want to have a steady job, so a job that they can do as long as they wish, until pension.

What can a job be like?

  • Well, a job can be challenging or demanding, if it is a bit difficult. If it isn’t, it is undemanding.
  • If you do the same thing every day, you’re doing a routine job.

Now let’s see what quality jobs there are:

  • The plum jobs are the ones that are highly profitable.
  • A decent job is a good one, nothing special but it’s fairly good.
  • A cushy job is a job that is easy to do and pays well. (Cushy comes from the same word as cushion, you know the soft pillow on a sofa. So this job is similarly soft and comfortable.)

 

Practice

Now check your knowledge.

WAY - different uses

1 – The most typical meaning of WAY is “route”, “direction”:

Can you tell me the way to the closest McDonald’s?

On the way home I had a very good idea.

2 – Another very common meaning is “mode” or “manner”:

I like the way you speak.

I can’t run the way I used to.

He talked to me in a funny way.

There are many ways of making a sponge cake.

3 – Another meaning is “space, needed for something”:

Make way for the new toys, throw the old ones away.

Get out of my way! If you are in my way, I can’t leave.

4 – It can be a synonym of “much” when it is together with a comparative adjective or with “too”:

This performance was way better than the previous one.

This sofa was way too expensive.

Some expressions and phrases:

make one’s way = move towards

I think I should make my way home, now, it’s getting late.

the other way round = the opposite is true

‘So you paid for the spa and he paid for the dinner.’

‘No, the other way round. He paid for the spa and I paid for the dinner.’

all the way = as long as possible

I know it’s a difficult situation but I’ll stand by you all the way.

by the way = you use this phrase to change the topic in a conversation

So, this was my story in short. By the way, did you get the pay rise that you had asked for?

take the easy way out = choose what is the easiest, not the best

If you always take the easy way out, you’ll never learn how to cope with challenging situations.

no way = impossible (you say it when you don’t want to do or believe something)

‘Can I borrow your car?’

‘No way!’

Way to go! = formal version of Congratulations!

‘I’ve lost 20 kg in two months!’

‘Way to go, girl!’

go all the way = finally get to having sex

Do you think they went all the way last night?

Practice

Now check your knowledge.

workout instructions

If you do a workout with an instructor, you can hear these phrases or sentences.

Let’s start with the warm-up. – It means that you do exercises harder and harder gradually to prepare your muscles for an intensive workout.

Bend forward and touch your toes. – Imagine that your starting position is standing. Then you want to touch your feet, so you bend forward, with your legs straight, and touch them.

Don’t bounce, stretch. – This instruction can be heard, for instance, when you bend forward and you repeatedly move up and down a little. This is bouncing. (A ball bounces when it hits something. For example, if you hit the ball against the wall, it bounces back and you can catch it.) Stretching, on the other hand, means pulling yourself closer and closer without bouncing.

Let’s do some squats. – When you bend your knees to lower your body, then you stand back up. Squat down and stand up repeatedly.

Lean forward. – It’s similar to “Bend forward.”, but it doesn’t mean a full bending.

Do 10 sit-ups / crunches. – A sit-up is probably clear, but what is a crunch? It’s when you sit-up just a little, you just raise your head and shoulders.

Do 10 push-ups. – A push-up (or in British English also press-up) is when you are on the ground, only your palms and toes touch the ground, and then bend your arms and straighten them again.

Let’s do 3 sets of 10 reps with a 15-second rest between the sets. – A “rep” means how many times you do a certain exercise (rep = informal version of “repetition”). A “set” is a unit of repetitions. Here, for example, if you do 3 sets of 10 reps of crunches, then you do 30 crunches altogether.

Keep your back straight. – Don’t bend.

Crunch up, hold your abs crunched if you want a six-pack. – Do a short sit-up, hold it in the up position, and if you do this exercise regularly, then sooner or later you will develop muscles on your belly (=six-pack – it looks like the top of 6 cans of cola, for example. That’s where the name of the muscle comes from).

Drop down to the mat and lie on your back. – From a standing position, lie down on the mat (=the mattress) on your back.

Bend your knees. – Don’t keep your legs straight.

Have the weight on your heels. – Put the stress on your heels, the back part of your feet.

Switch legs. – You have worked with your left leg, now work with the right one. (Or the other way round.)

It’s time to cool down. – It’s time to stretch your tight muscles and finish exercising.

Practice

Now check your knowledge.

quite - quiet

Ezt a két szót könnyű összekeverni, mert nagyon hasonlóak.

Igazából, ha ismered az angol helyesírás és a kiejtés közti összefüggéseket, szabályokat, akkor nem kevered őket össze. Mutatom, miért, és ezáltal Te is könnyen megjegyzed a helyes kiejtésüket.

Az angolban a szó végére írt “e” rendszerint néma (nem véletlenül van ott, de ejteni nem ejtjük). Ha megnézed a QUITE szót, akkor itt az “e” a szó végén van, ezért nem ejtjük. Tehát marad az, hogy /kwaɪt/.

Ezzel szemben a QUIET szóban az “e” nem a szó végén van, ezáltal ki is ejtjük, egy rövid schwa (ə) = (ö) hang formájában: /kwaɪət/. Szóval ez a szó valójában 2 szótag: QUI-ET.

Remélem, így már könnyű megkülönböztetni, de azért mutatok még egy memória-fogast, amivel megjegyezheted:

Mondd ki többször, hogy “quite quiet” (ami értelmes is, hisz azt jelenti, elég halk). Az első szó egy szótag, a második kettő. Szóval ahányadik szó, annyi szótag. Tehát csak a másodikba fér bele egy “ö” hang.

Ez a kép is segíthet a megjegyzésben:

Practice

Now check your knowledge.

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